Understanding The Skin You're In
All of us desire smooth, flawless, and radiant skin with a glowing complexion. The majority of us were born with beautiful skin, but what happens as we begin to age and why must thing change? More importantly, how can we take care of our skin as we mature and prevent unnecessary aging?
The first type of aging has to do with factors, which are hereditary in nature and are called “intrinsic” or internal such as skin color, texture, and skin type.
“Extrinsic” or external factors which are not genetically predetermined comprise the second cause of aging. Common extrinsic factors that accelerate the aging process are sun exposure, air pollution, smoking, excessive drinking, sleeping patterns, repetitive facial expressions, and poor skin care. Extrinsic factors act in tandem with our normal genetic aging process to age our skin prematurely. The leading cause of the skin’s premature aging comes for exposure to the sun, which causes damage to the skin and is called “photo aging.”
These are some of the photo aging: freckles, age spots, hyper or hypo pigmentation (blotchy, uneven skin tone), loose skin, leathery skin, “spider veins” (dilated capillaries), fine lines, wrinkles, and but certainly not least – skin cancer.
The degree of photo aging that occurs depends upon a person’s skin color and their history of long term, intense sun exposure. Studies in dermatology show that ultraviolet (UV) damage from the sun actually accelerates the breakdown of collagen and also impair the synthesis of new collagen. UV damaged skin loses its resilience, its ability to retain shape and firmness. Then less than desirable wrinkling and sagging of skin begins to develop.
With aging, the outer layer, called the epidermis begins to thicken and the dermis begins to thin. Changes in the connective tissue reduce the skin’s elasticity. The subcutaneous fat layer begins to diminish and the skin becomes more fragile in general. Because blood vessels are less protected, bruising occurs more frequently and the skin takes longer to heal and repair itself. Healing a wound may take up to four times longer for those who are elderly.
Mature skin has a decreased ability to moisturize itself. Very dry skin with an insufficient production of lipids (oil, sebum) is known as “alipidic” skin. Alipidic skin occurs more frequently with age and if often itchy, tight, red, or rough in appearance. In some cases, alipidic skin is also sensitive and more easily irritated. Dehydrated skin (skin lacking water) can occur due to aging, sun damage or both factors combined. Dehydrated skin is more common than genuine alipidic skin and is often more difficult to correct. The skins’ moisture and oil must be balanced to soften the texture, hydrate and moisturize the skin.
Listed below are a few practical and valuable approached to anti-aging:
- Limit sun exposure whenever possible. Use a broad spectrum sunscreen and apply three times a day. In the morning, around 12pm – 1pm, and 3pm – 4pm. A good UVA?UVB sunscreen is one of the most beneficial and inexpensive products an individual can have in their skincare/beauty arsenal. Suggestion: Sunforgettable by Colorscience
- Antioxidants, beneficially protect the skin from free radicals. Suggestions: Optimum Antioxidant Serum, Complex C with PentaPeptides, or CO-Q10 Antioxidant by PS (Progressive SkinCare)
- Avoid irritation, inflammation and over processing the skin (over peeling, scrubbing), Many products contain soothing agents that help control inflammation and irritation. Suggestions: Pollution Solution Mist, Soothing Mist, Instant Calm, or R-Relief by PS (Progressive SkinCare)
- Protect the barrier function of the skin with emollients and lipids. Suggestion Cell Youth Actif, Vital Cell Recovery, Luminous Eye Recovery, Intensive Eye therapy or Lip Remodeling buy PS (Progressive SkinCare)
- Use of a mild exfoliant. Suggestion Retinol Complex, Papaya Pumpkin Mask or Cream by PS (Progressive SkinCare)
- Hydrate and Rebalance with an appropriate Toner post Cleansing your face.
- Have Advanced DermaCare design a personal treatment program that takes into consideration your lifestyle and needs.
Our skin protects and covers us from head to toe, is the body’s largest organ and receives last benefit from anything you ingest. As we approach middle age, more visible change to our skin become apparent and we then realize that additional attention and care is necessary. Adopting a lifestyle and philosophy that promotes and sustains a balance of mind, body and spirit is certain to create and enhance youthfulness and timeless beauty.